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Comprehensive Publications List

Note that many of these articles are available online in PDF format. Click on the title to view downloadable articles. Articles with an asterisk * are considered to be some of our "classics."


Knaub, A., Foote, K., Henderson, C., Dancy, M, & Beichner R. (2016). Get a room: the role of classroom space in sustained implementation of studio style instruction, International Journal of STEM Education, 3:8, DOI 10.1186/s40594-016-0042-3

Foote, K. T., Knaub, A., Dancy, M., Henderson, C., & Beichner, R. (2016). Enabling and Challenging Factors in Institutional Reform: The Case of SCALE-UP, Phys. Rev. Phys. Educ. Res, 12, 010103, http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevPhysEducRes.12.010103


Beichner, R., (2015) Guest Editorial: Reflections on the origins of Physics Education Research—Special Topics, Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 11, 020001. doi: 10.1103/ PhysRevSTPER.11.020001.

Foote, K. T., Neumeyer, X., Henderson, C., Dancy, M. H., & Beichner, R. J. (2015). SCALE-UP Implementation and Intra-Institutional Dissemination: A Case Study of Two Institutions. In Proceedings of the 2014 Physics Education Research Conference, AIP Press, pp. 83-86, College Park, MD, AAPT.


Foote, K. T., Neumeyer, X., Henderson, C., Dancy, M. H., & Beichner, R. J. (2014). Diffusion of research-based instructional strategies: The case of SCALE-UP. International Journal of STEM Education, 1(1), 10. doi:10.1186/s40594-014-0010-8.

Neumeyer, X., Foote, K. T., Beichner, R., Dancy, M. H., & Henderson C. (2014). Examining the Diffusion of Research-Based Instructional Strategies Using Social Network Analysis: A Case Study of SCALE-UP. Proceedings of the 2014 ASEE Annual Conference.

*Beichner, R., History of Active Learning Spaces, Published in Active Learning Spaces: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, Number 137, March 2014, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.


Gaffney, J., Richards, E., Foote, K., and Beichner, R. (2013). Using charge distributions to “immerse” your classroom in an electric field, Phys. Teacher, 51, 234-237.

Learning Spaces Collaboratory, “Planning for Assessing 21st Century Spaces for 21st Century Learners”, 2013.


*Singer, S., Nielsen, N. and Schweingruber, H. (Eds),. Discipline-Based Education Research: Understanding and Improving Learning in Undergraduate Science and Engineering, The National Academies Press, Washington DC (2012).


B. Lunk and R. Beichner, "Exploring Magnetic Fields with a Compass," Physics Teacher 49 (1), 45, (2011).

R. Beichner, M. Resnick, J. Young, and S. Paine,. "Technology and the Human Connection," McGraw-Hill Research Foundation, New York, NY (2011)


R. Beichner, R. Chabay, and R. Sherwood, "Labs for the Matter & Interactions curriculum," American Journal of Physics, 78, 456-460 (2010).

Kustusch, M. B., Gaffney, J. D. H., and Beichner, R., "The real prize inside: Learning about science and spectra from cereal boxes." Physics Teacher 47 (7), 450-453 (2009).

*R. Beichner, “The SCALE-UP Project: A Student-Centered, Active Learning Environment for Undergraduate Programs,” an invited white paper for the National Academy of Sciences, September 2008.

Gaffney, J. D. H., Richards, E., Kustusch, M. B., Ding, L., and Beichner, R., "Scaling Up Educational Reform." Journal of College Science Teaching 37 (5), 48-53 (2008).

Hsu, L., Beichner, R., Cummings, K., Kolodner, J., and McCullough, L., "Publishing and refereeing papers in physics education research". In Physics Education Research Conference-2007, edited by Leon Hsu, Charles Henderson, and Laura McCullough (American Institute of Physics, Greensboro, NC, 2007), pp. 3-6.

R Beichner, Yehudit Judy Dori, and John Belcher, "New Physics Teaching and Assessment: Laboratory and Technology Enhanced Active Learning," in Handbook of College Science Teaching, edited by J. Mintzes and W. J. Leonard (National Science Teachers Association, Washington, D.C., In Press).

*R Beichner, J M Saul, D S Abbott, J. Morse, Duane Deardorff, Rhett J. Allain, S W Bonham, Melissa Dancy, and J. Risley, "Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment Undergraduate Programs (SCALE-UP) project," in Research-Based Reform of University Physics, edited by E F Redish and P. J. Cooney (American Association of Physics Teachers, College Park, MD, In Press)

R Beichner, "Instructional Technology Research and Development in a US Physics Education Group," European Journal of Engineering Education 31 (31), 383-393 (2006).

V. Kuo and R Beichner, "Stars of the Big Dipper: A 3-D vector activity," The Physics Teacher 44 (4), 168-172 (2006).

M. Dancy and R Beichner, "Impact of animation on assessment of conceptual understanding in physics," Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 2 (2006).

*L. Ding, R. Chabay, B. A. Sherwood, and R Beichner, "Evaluating an electricity and magnetism assessment tool: Brief electricity and magnetism assessment," Phys. Rev. ST Phys. Educ. Res. 2 (2006).

Chabay, R. W. & Sherwood, B. A. (2006). Restructuring the introductory electricity and magnetism course. American Journal of Physics 74, 329-336.


Jeanne Morse, Effect of simulations in student understanding of electric field concepts, PhD, North Carolina State University, 2005

*Ruth Chabay and Bruce Sherwood, Matter and Interactions. (John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ, 2004).

*J. Handelsman, D. Ebert-May, R Beichner, P. Bruns, A. Chang, R. DeHaan, J. Gentile, S. Lauffer, J. Stewart, S. M. Tilghman, and W. B. Wood, "Scientific teaching," Science 304 (23), 521-522 (2004). Supplementary material is available.

D. E. Meltzer, L. McDermont, P. R. L. Heron, E F Redish, and R J Beichner, Call to AAPT about PER articles in Am. J. of Physics, 2004. Supplementary material is available.

R Beichner, "Discussion of new journal for PER,"  (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 2004), pp. 10.

M. Oliver-Hoyo and R Beichner, "The SCALE-UP Project," in Teaching and Learning through Inquiry: A Guidebook for Institutions and Instructors, edited by V. S. Lee (Stylus Publishing, Sterling, VA, 2004).

D. Dobey, R Beichner, and Michael E. Jabot, Essentials of Elementary Science (3rd edition). (Allyn & Bacon, Boston, MA, 2004).

*Paula Vetter Engelhardt and Robert J. Beichner, "Students' understanding of direct current resistive electrical circuits," American Journal of Physics 72 (1), 98-115 (2004).

Avi Marchewka, David S. Abbott, and Robert J. Beichner, "Oscillator damped by a constant-magnitude friction force," American Journal of Physics 72 (4), 477-483 (2004).

Chabay, R. W. & Sherwood, B. A. Modern mechanics. American Journal of Physics 72, 439-445 (2004).

Scott W. Bonham, Duane L. Deardorff, and Robert J. Beichner, "Comparison of student performance using web and paper-based homework in college-level physics," Journal of Research in Science Teaching 40 (10), 1050-1071 (2003).

Melissa Dancy, "But are they learning? Getting started in classroom evaluation," Cell Biology Education 1, 87-94 (2002).

John S. Risley, Director, WebAssign User’s Manual version 3.5, Raleigh, NC (2002).

Chabay, R. W., & Sherwood, B. A. Matter & Interactions I: Modern Mechanics and Matter & Interactions II: Electric & Magnetic Interactions. New York: John Wiley & Sons (2002).

Duane Deardorff, Introductory physics students' treatment of measurement uncertainty, North Carolina State University, 2001.

Rhett J. Allain, Investigating the relationship between student difficulties with the concept of electric potential and the concept of rate of change, PhD, North Carolina State University, 2001.

Scott Bonham, Robert Beichner, and Duane Deardorff, "Online homework: Does it make a difference?," The Physics Teacher 39 (5), 293-296 (2001).

Melissa Dancy, Investigating Animations for Assessment with an Animated Version of the Force Concept Inventory, Ph. D., North Carolina State University, 2000.

*Raymond A.  Serway, Robert J.  Beichner, and John W. Jewett, Physics for Scientists and Engineers, 5th ed. (Saunders College Publishing, Forth Worth, 2000).

R Beichner, "SCALE-UP Project Summary,"  (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 2000), pp. 28.

R. McGrew, J M Saul, and C. Teague, Instructor's Manual with Solutions for R. A. Serway and R. J. Beichner, Physics for Scientists and Engineers. (Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia, PA, 2000).

R. Serway, J M Saul, Rhett J. Allain, and J. Morse, Hints, Tips, and Problems for Teaching Introductory Physics. (Saunders College, Philadelphia, PA, 2000).

Scott W. Bonham, Robert J. Beichner, Aaron Titus, and Larry Martin, "Educational research using web-based assessment systems," Journal of Research on Computing in Education 33 (1), 28-44 (2000).

Robert J. Beichner, Jeffery M. Saul, Rhett J. Allain, Duane L. Deardorff, and David S. Abbott, "Introduction to SCALE-UP: Student-Centered Activities for Large Enrollment University Physics," presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education, Seattle, Washington, 2000.

Jeffery M. Saul, Duane L. Deardorff, David S. Abbott, Rhett J. Allain, and Robert J. Beichner, "Evaluating introductory physics classes in light of the ABET criteria: An example from the SCALE-UP project," in Annual Meeting of the American Association for Engineering Education (St. Louis, Missouri, 2000).

Robert J. Beichner, Jeffrey M. Saul, Rhett J. Allain, Duane L. Deardorff, and David S. Abbott, "Promoting collaborative groups in large enrollment courses," presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Engineering Education, St. Louis, Missouri, 2000.

David S. Abbott, Jeffery M. Saul, George W. Parker, and Robert J. Beichner, "Can one lab make a difference?," American Journal of Physics 68 (S1), S60-S61 (2000).

*R. Beichner, L. Bernold, E. Burniston, P. Dail, R. Felder, J. Gastineau, M. Gjertsen, and J. Risley, "Case study of the physics component of an integrated curriculum," American Journal of Physics 67 (S1), S16-24 (1999).

Robert J. Beichner, "Student-Centered Activities for Large-Enrollment University Physics (SCALE UP)," presented at the Sigma Xi Forum: "Reshaping Undergraduate Science and Engineering Education: Tools for Better Learning", Minneapolis, MN, 1999 (unpublished).

S W Bonham and J. Risley, "Using Physlets to teach electrostatics," The Physics Teacher 37, 276-280 (1999).

J. Schwartz and R. Beichner, Essentials of Educational Technology. (Allyn & Bacon, Boston, 1999).

*Robert Beichner and D S Abbott, "Video-based labs for introductory physics courses," J. College Science Teaching 29 (2), 101-104 (1999).

Aaron P. Titus, L. W. Martin, and Robert J. Beichner, "Web-based testing in physics education: Methods and opportunities," Computers in Physics 12 (2), 117-123 (1998).

Aaron Titus, Integrating video and animation with physics problem solving exercises on the World Wide Web, Ph.D, North Carolina State University, 1998.

J. Schwartz and Robert Beichner, Essentials of Classroom Teaching: Computers in the Classroom. (Allyn & Bacon, Boston, 1998).

S. Carlson, J Risley, J Gastineau, and Robert Beichner, "Core Concepts in Physics CD-ROM,"  (Saunders, Philadelphia, 1998), pp. Single CD-ROM disc.  Contains problems and modules written by NCSU PER Group members.

Robert Beichner, "Visualizing potential surfaces with a spreadsheet," The Physics Teacher 35 (2), 95-97 (1997).

Robert Beichner, "Physics education," in Encyclopedia of Physics, edited by J. Rigden (Macmillan, New York, 1997).


Paula Engelhardt, Examining Students’ Understanding of Electrical Circuits through Multiple-choice Testing and Interviews, PhD, North Carolina State University, 1997.

Cindy Schwarz and Robert Beichner, "Interactive journey through physics,"  (Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 1997), pp. 1 computer optical disc ; 4 3/4 in. + Includes: 1 user's guide + 1 installation guide.

R Beichner, "Recent Developments in Physics Education Research," in Physics News in 1996 (1997), pp. 14-15.

Margaret H. Gjertsen and John S. Risley, “10th Anniversary CIP Educational Software Directory,” Computers in Physics, 11:56-80, Jan/Feb 1997.

John S. Risley, “Ten Years of Tracking Educational Software,” Computers in Physics, 11:52-53, Jan/Feb 1997.

Eric Ayars, "Nonphysical results with the electric-field mapping experiment," The Physics Teacher 34 (6), 344-345 (1996).

Robert J. Beichner, "The impact of video motion analysis on kinematics graph interpretation skills," American Journal of Physics 64 (10), 1272-1277 (1996).

Robert J. Beichner, Richard Hake, Lillian C. McDermott, Jose Mestre, Edward Redish, Frederick Reif, and John Risley, "Support of Physics-Education Research as a Subfield of Physics: Proposal to the NSF Physics Division," unpublished white paper.

Ladye K. Wilkinson, Margaret H. Gjertsen, and John S. Risley, “1995 Directory of Physics Courseware: Simulation Software,” Computers in Physics, 9:65-79, Jan/Feb 1995.

Ladye K. Wilkinson, Margaret H. Gjertsen, and John S. Risley, “1995 Directory of Physics Courseware: MBL Software,” Computers in Physics, 9:185-199, Mar/Apr 1995.

R. Beichner, L. Wilkinson, J. Gastineau, P. Engelhardt, M. Gjertsen, M. Hazen, L. Ritchie, and J. Risley, "Hardware and software preferences of high school physics teachers," The Physics Teacher 33 (5), 270-274 (1995).

Robert Beichner, "Considering perception and cognition in the design of an instructional software package," Multimedia Tools and Applications 1, 173-184 (1995).


Robert J. Beichner, "Multimedia editing to promote science learning," Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia 3 (1), 55-70 (1994).

*Robert J. Beichner, "Testing student interpretation of kinematics graphs," American Journal of Physics 62 (8), 750-762 (1994).

Robert Beichner and D. Dobey, Essentials of Classroom Teaching. (Allyn & Bacon Boston, 1994).

Robert Beichner, "Research-guided design of multimedia research tools," Computer Graphics 28, 40-43 (1994).

Ladye K. Wilkinson, John S. Risley, John E. Gastineau, Paula V. Engelhardt, and Scott F. Schultz, “Graphs and Tracks Impresses as a Kinematics Teaching Tool,” Computers in Physics 8, November-December, 1994.

Ladye K. Wilkinson, Margaret H. Gjertsen, and John S. Risley, “Educational Software for Teaching Physics—1994 Directory,” Computer Applications in Engineering Education 2:257-269, 1994.

Paula V. Englehardt, Scott F. Schultz, John E. Gastineau, Margaret H. Gjertsen, and John S. Risley, “Teaching the Use of Spreadsheets for Physics,” The Physics Teacher 31:546-547, December, 1993.

Ladye K. Wilkinson, Margaret H. Gjertsen, and John S. Risley, “Educational Software for Teaching Physics-1993 Directory,” Computer Applications in Engineering Education, 1:337-384, 1993.

R. Beichner, "Technology competencies for new teachers: Issues and suggestions," in Computer Studies: Computers in Education (6th Ed.), edited by J. J. Hirschbuhl (Dushkin, Guilford, CT, 1993).

Robert J. Beichner, "The development of a graduate class on hypermedia issues in education," Educational Technology Review 1 (1), 12-17 (1993).

R Beichner, "Technology competencies for new teachers: Issues and suggestions," Journal of Computing in Teacher Education 9 (3), 17-20 (1993).

Paula V. Engelhardt, Margaret H. Gjertsen, and John S. Risley, “1993 Directory of Physics Courseware,” Computers in Physics, 7:45-76 Jan/Feb 1993.

Farr, S. D., Troy, M., Rich, K., & Beichner, R., MorseWriter - Mac. (Center for Learning and Technology, State University of New York at Buffalo. Buffalo, NY. 1993) (software)

R Beichner, "The consequences of restructuring teacher education," in Vital Signs 3: Restructuring the English Classroom, edited by James L. Collins (Boynton/Cook Publishers, Portsmouth, NH, 1992), pp. 153-166.

Robert J. Beichner, "Paper cup magnetism," Science Scope 13 (8), 18-19,52 (1990).

E. F. Redish and J. S. Risley, eds. Computers in Physics Instruction: Proceedings. Addison-Wesley Publish­ing Co., Reading (1990).

*Robert J. Beichner, "The effect of simultaneous motion presentation and graph generation in a kinematics lab," Journal of Research in Science Teaching 27 (8), 803-815 (1990).

Robert J. Beichner, "Applications of Macintosh microcomputers in introductory physics," The Physics Teacher 27 (5), 348-353 (1989).

Before 1990

John S. Risley, “Using Physics Courseware”, The Physics Teacher 27:188–192 March, 1989.

Robert J. Beichner, M.J. DeMarco, D.J. Ettestad, and E. Gleason, "VideoGraph: A new way to study kinematics," presented at the Conference on Computers in Physics Instruction, Raleigh, NC, USA, 1988. Information about Videograph is available.

J. S. Risley, ed. Computers in Physics Instruction: Software (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 1988).

J. S. Risley and E. F. Redish, eds. Computers in Physics Instruction: Abstracts of Contributed Papers (North Carolina State University, Raleigh, 1988).

John S. Risley, “Teaching Physics with Computers: Does It Work?”, Computers in Physics p. 94 July/August, 1988.

Farr, S. D., Beichner, R., & Troy, M., MorseWriter - Apple Version (Center for Learning and Technology, State University of New York at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY. 1988)(Software)

J. S. Risley. Physics Problems: A Guide to Using the Computer Tutorials in Physics 1 by CONTROL DATA (Raleigh, 1987).

Karen L. Johnston, Lisa Grable-Wallace, and John S. Risley, “Integrating CDC Physics Courseware into Engineering Physics,” The Physics Teacher 25:286–292, May, 1987.

John S. Risley, “Sunburst communications: Sir Isaac Newton's Games,” The Physics Teacher 25:327-328, May, 1987.

Margaret Gjertsen and John S. Risley, “Educational Software for Teaching Physics: Commercial Packages,” The Physics Teacher 25:301.1–301.37, May, 1987.

R Beichner, "Using microcomputers for graphing practice," Journal of College Science Teaching 15, 528-529 (1986).

Robert J. Beichner, Physics Laboratory Helpware (Prentice Hall, Engelwood Cliffs, NJ, 1985). (Software).

Beichner, R. Momentum Conservation Timer/Interface, Gradebook, Vernier Caliper (Colege Park, MD: Physics Software Exchange (PHYSX) of the Am. Assoc. Phys. Teach. 1984.)

Beichner, R. Energy Lessons, National Energy Policy Simulator, The Red Wolf- An Endangered Species Simulation (Buffalo State College, Buffalo, NY. 1983). (Software).

John S. Risley and Eugen Merzbacher, “The Position of U.S. Physics: A Case Study,” Physics Today, 9, (1978).

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